The occurrence of natural disasters are observed to be more frequent day by day. The catastrophe they cause can be realized by tsunami facts – one of the most covered natural disasters. If we go on chalking ever occurred natural disaster list, it would take more than just this post. Hence, here’s a list of 21st century’s top 10 worst natural disasters.
Earth is in a constant state of flux, subject to tremendous pressures that can cause severe effects. While most events occur without any perceptible effects, some of them can wreak severe havoc on person and property. These are ten of the worst natural disasters that have occurred in the 21st century.
10. Gujarat earthquake
Death toll: 19,727
The earthquake that occurred in Gujarat in 2001 had a magnitude of 7.7. It lasted for more than two minutes and when the rubble cleared, it was discovered that more than 19,727 people lost their lives and another 167,000 were injured.
9. Tōhoku earthquake and tsunami
Death toll: 18,400
The Tohoku earthquake in Japan occurred on March 11, 2011. A powerful earthquake with a magnitude of 9.0, the earthquake also caused tsunami waves that towered as much as 77 feet over the coast and added significantly to the damage. The disaster caused damages of almost $235 billion.
8. European heat wave
Death toll: 40,000
The European heat wave that occurred 2003 was particularly devastating to France, where almost 14,802 people died as a result. All over Europe, the heat wave resulted in the deaths of almost 40,000 people, many of them succumbing to heat related conditions and the effects of drought.
7. Iran earthquake
Death toll 26,271 – 43,000
The earthquake that struck Iran in 2003 had a magnitude of 6.6. It was estimated to have caused the deaths of 26,271 people, although some place the estimate at closer to 43,000. The earthquake also caused injuries to more than 30,000 people.
6. Russian heat wave
Death toll: 56,000
The heat wave that occurred in the Northern Hemisphere in 2010 affected several countries including the United States, Canada, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, and Japan. However, Russia was the country that was hardest hit. All told the heat wave caused the death of more than 56,000 in the countries affected.
5 .Sichuan earthquake
Death toll: 69,197
The Sichuan earthquake that occurred in 2008 had a magnitude of 8.0. The earthquake caused widespread damage to person and property, and resulted in the death of more than 69,197, with 374,176 injured.
4. Kashmir earthquake
Death toll: 75,000 – 86,000
The Kashmir Earthquake that occurred in 2005 had a magnitude of 7.8. Official Pakistani government estimates place the number of deaths at 75,000, although international estimates place the death toll at closer to 86,000.
3. Cyclone Nargis
Death toll: 146,000
Myanmar was heavily hit by the Cyclone Nargis on May 2, 2008. Considered the country’s worst natural disaster, the cyclone caused the deaths of more than 146,000 people and injuries to thousands of others.
2. Indian Ocean Tsunami
Death toll: 230,000
It was in 2004 that an earthquake occurred in the Indian Ocean, but the bulk of the damage was caused by the resulting tsunami that struck Indonesia among many other countries. It is estimated that the tsunami caused the deaths of more than 230,000 people in 14 countries.
1. Haiti earthquake
Death toll: 316,000
The earthquake that struck Haiti on January 12, 2010 had a magnitude of 7.0. The quake’s epicenter was placed near Leogane. Although the death toll was significantly lower than most other earthquake disasters, the resulting damage to person and property makes this one of the most devastating disasters in the 21st century.