The knowledge of the history of the ancient world, tells us of the oldest civilizations that existed and through witnessing some of the oldest architectures, we can establish where they lived but not always did these civilizations live in countries that we know still exist today. There are some countries though, that were established, so far, with unending civilizations and this is a list of those top 10 oldest countries in the world and the date that the country is believed to have been established.
Turkey 900 AD
This country was established on the sight of the Trojan War by the Seljug dynasty of Turks as they migrated and later became the birth place of the Ottoman Empire.
Japan 660 AD
The Japanese nation is said to have been started by its first Emperor, Jimmu. The country is rich in history and perhaps the best place to witness some of that history is at Himeji Castle.
Bulgaria 632 AD
The first Bulgarian Empire was established with Pliska as its capital by Asparukh. Some of its historical sites include the Rila monastery and the kazanuk Tomb. It has more recently been linked with the invention of the first electrical computer.
France 486 AD
There are many historical sites in this country which has had such an influence on the rest of Europe. It was first established by a unification made by Clovis the first king of France.
San Marino 301 AD
This city state may be one of the smallest countries in the world but does not mean that it is not also one of the oldest. It was established by saint Marinus who settled there to avoid persecution. Some of history can be witnessed by looking at the old Walls of San Marino.
Iran 625 – 559 BC
This country that would later become the birth place of the Persian Empire was started by the unification of the local tribes by Medes. Some historical sites are Qom and Persepolis.
China 2,100 – 1,600 BC
It is believed that the Xia Dynasty was the first in China as there is no evidence of an earlier one. Some of this country’s history can be seen by a visit to The Great Wall of China or The Forbidden City.
Ethiopia 2,500 – 3,000 BC
This country is famous for its wilderness but evidence shows from ancient Egyptian texts, that it was one of its biggest trading partners and actually names the country.
India 3,000 BC
This country was established by a civilization that started in the Indus valley and has since expanded to be today, the seventh biggest by area and the second biggest by population. In its history, India has given the world calculus and other mathematical formulae.
Egypt 3,150 – 3,500 BC
King Menes started this country and also started a reign of pharaohs that ruled the country for over 3 thousand years. The great Pyramids and the Sphinx remain as testament to this country’s ancient history.