There are many planes that enable people to travel from one place to another within hours and besides the military planes, people saw the dream of reduced traveling time in passenger planes, too. The 10 most fastest passenger planes in the world, past and present have been listed below.
Cessna Citation CJ3
CJ stands for Citation Jets, which is a creation of Cessna Aircraft Company, America. CJ is basically a brand of business jets and CJ3 is the fastest of them all, which can speed up to 478 mph. It is powered by two Williams FJ44 turbofans and the flight deck, originally designed to hold one pilot, has 21 Rockwell Collins avionics. The plane itself can accommodate 6 passengers. The cabins can be designed according to the owner’s requirements but the original design includes 6 seats placed in a center-style setting.
This is a light passenger jet manufactured in Canada, by Bombardier Aerospace. It has a maximum speed of 541 mph and can accommodate up to 104 passengers. The main engines consist of two GE CF34-8C5A1 and four Rockwell Collins pro avionics. The cabin is design to hold a crew-pit of two pilots. The plane is now being ordered by many countries around the world because of its noticeable speed and a climb rate of 2000 fpm.
Another business jet, this aircraft is designed for up to 19 passengers. The Gulfstream G550 is produced by Gulfstream Aerospace, USA and has a maximum cruising speed of 585 mph. The cockpit can hold two pilots and attendants, as well. Two Rolls Royce BR 710 engines and epic Planeview avionics by Honeywell Primus power the plane.
Another aircraft from Gulfstream Aerospace, this is the fastest private chartered jet, which has a capacity for around 18 passengers. It is a twin-engine long range jet with a maximum speed of 610 mph. The plane is boosted by a couple of Rolls Royce BR 725 and two cockpit avionics by Honeywell Planeview.
The third generation of Boeing 747 is the Boeing 747-8, which was developed by the Boeing Commercial Airplanes, United States. This is one of the best passenger airplanes in the world and the second largest too, with a seating capacity of 700 passengers at a time. The longest airplane in the world can speed up to 614 mph. Four GE nx2B67 engines and Rockwell Collins avionics run this gigantic craft. The cost of one aircraft is approximately $351.4 millions.
Dassault Falcon 900 EX
Falcon 900 EX is a mid-size business jet, made by Dassault Aviation, France. This aircraft has a passenger accommodation of 18 passengers. Mostly used by French official for state purposes, this design is also being used for civil and military operations in many countries around the world. Falcon 900 EX has 3 Honeywell TFE731 powerplants and Dassault 3D EAsy cockpit avionics.
Another aircraft of French origin, A380 is the largest passenger planes. Its double-deck, wide-body design allows it to accommodate 525 passengers in a three-class division and in case all passengers are economy it can hold up to 853 people. So far, Emirates airline is the biggest purchaser of A380. It has a travel range of 15,700 kilometers, which is sufficient to travel non-stop for more than 12 hours. The gigantic aircraft has two varieties of turbofans, Rolls Royce Trent 900 and Engine Alliance GP7000. Both varieties of engine are specialized for noise reduction. Due to this and the large size of the vessel, the passengers have reported extra comfort in landing and takeoff. The airbus A380 is swiftly becoming preferred choice all over the world. The IMA system has been employed for avionics and another novelty it introduced is the glass crew-cabin. All these features contribute to make A380 land quite deservedly on the best and fourth-fastest passenger planes list.
Cessna Citation X
Another long-range business jet by the Citation Aircraft Company is the powerful Citation X. The latest addition in the Cessna family, Citation X boasts of some vast changes and is designed anew from the scratch. It accommodates only 12 passengers and travels at the speed of 700 mph, which is the highest record of any Citation jet, which has a name in developing business jets. Also it is the first creation of Cessna Aircraft to use a Rolls Royce turbofan engine instead of the usual Williams, along with the high-tech autopilot fully integrated avionics by Honeywell Primus. The company has produced around 300 units so far. Mostly private individuals and companies use them.
The second fastest plane in the world history, Concorde was developed in a joint venture of Britain and France. Only 20 units were produced in 1969, each country obtaining not more than 7. Concorde entered commercial service in 1976 and served for 27 years until the service was discontinued after its crash in 2000 and another in 9/11 attack. It is believed Concorde reduced the time of travel by half due to its speed of 1354 mph. It is believed to be an aviation marvel. Two turbojets to enable high speed replaced turbofans and Concorde became the fastest aircraft only after Tupolev.
Tupolev TU 144
With a record breaking speed of 1510 mph Tupolev 144 was developed in 1965, but because of its crash records, it could not complete more than 55 flights. Unlike Concorde, it had an unstable braking system, due to which navigation and engine control was difficult. There were two incidents of crashing one in 1973 and another in 1978, after which further commercial flights were canceled. It was used as a cargo plane till 1983 and afterwards only ended up being useful for supersonic research by space scientists. Some declared the reason of its failure was due to preference of turbofans over turbojets and other claim it to be fault of the cooling system. To sum it all up, there were only 9 aircrafts produced in total.