When you are writing an article like this, immediately Stonehenge or the Easter Island Statues spring to mind but I don’t really think of them as buildings, more as monuments. Although too the Sphinx in Egypt would also have to come under that heading but tombs I like the Pyramids and Taj Mahal can just come into the category of buildings and so here is a list of what are probably the top 10 most historical buildings in the World:
Tower of London
Country: England. Built: 1078 AD by William the Conqueror
The correct name for this building complex is Her Majesty’s Royal Palace and Fortress and built on the banks of the River Thames in London, it has played a major role in English history and has served as a Palace, prison, mint and more lately, home to the Crown Jewels.
Dome of the Rock
Country: Israel. Built: 691AD by Caliph Abd al-Malik.
This structure was built on a rock known as the ‘Foundation Stone’ which has religious significance to Christians, Jews and Muslims. This is considered to be perhaps the most sought after piece of real estate in history.
Country: Peru. Built: 1450 AD by Inca Emperor Pachacuti
Often referred to as The Lost City of the Incas, it was known to the world in 1911 when it was found by an American historian Hiram Bingham. It is built 7,970 ft above sea level on a mountain ridge next to the ‘Sacred Valley’ in the Cusco region.
Country: Cambodia. Built: 12th Century AD by Khmer King Suryavarman
This is the largest religious site in the world and first as Hindu and then as Bhuddist, has continuously remained a religious site since its foundation.
Country: Guatemala. Built: 4th Century AD by the Maya
Located near Petén, this is one of the largest and best preserved Mayan ruins. Although the region seemed to thrive from the 200 to 900 Ad, there is no sign of large inhabitation from the 10th century.
Country: Greece. Built: 5th Century BC by Greeks
It is amazing that this building, and some surrounding it, have weather the test of time. Through wars and other upheavals they remain standing as a testament to the greatness of the old Greek civilization.
Country: Turkey. Built: 532 AD by Justinian
The first church on this site was built by Emperor Constantine in 360 AD a second was built on the site by his son in 405 AD. After that was destroyed by fire this third church was then built but in 1453 AD, Sultan Mehmet 11, having conquered Constantinople, turned it into a Mosque.
Country: India. Built: 1648 AD by Emperor Shah Jahan
This tomb took 20,000 workers 16 years to build and then another 5 years were spent building the gardens. Looking more like a Palace than a tomb, he certainly did make his wife’s final resting place memorial.
Country: Italy. Built: Emperor Vespasian
Built to seat 50,000 people, this building is perhaps the best testament to the builders of the great Roman Empire. Initially built to house games such as the legendary gladiators took part in, it has had several uses since and still today, draws thousands of visitors every year.
Pyramids of Giza
Country: Egypt. Built: 2531 BC by Pharaoh Khufu
That is the date for the largest of the pyramids but one was first though to be built in 2490 BC and others both earlier and later than that.